Posted by: Brad Nixon | April 5, 2017

Palace of the Millionaire: Flagler Museum, Palm Beach, Florida

It’s incumbent on the impressively wealthy to build big. Even the summer place —occupied only a few weeks a year during “the season” — should have an unmistakable presence. In the U.S., one thinks of Newport, Rhode Island, onetime summer resort of Vanderbilts and Astors; The Hamptons on Long Island, still the weekend and summer getaway for the monied (and would-be) of New York; and other venues ranging from the Biltmore Estate* in North Carolina to the ski chalets of Colorado and mansion-like “beach houses” on the California coast.

One can travel the length of Florida’s Atlantic coast and scarcely cover a mile without encountering some enclave of the well-to-do. The ur-palace of Floridian wealth may be this tidy summer cottage in Palm Beach:

Flagler front Brad Nixon 067 (640x480)

That’s “Whitehall,” built by the co-founder of Standard Oil, Henry Morrison Flagler, also known as “The Father of Miami” and “The Father of Palm Beach,” towns he respectively founded and brought to prominence in the 1880s and 1890s.

Flagler made one immense fortune building Standard Oil into an oil refining monopoly with his partner, John D. Rockefeller, then set out building railroads to Florida and promoting the area as a destination for both development and recreation. He succeeded on a grand scale, and built a residence to match.

Flagler gate Brad Nixon 066 (640x480)

His name may not be as familiar to you as other successful tycoons of his era — Rockefeller, Carnegie, Vanderbilt and Astor — but the south and east of Florida today owes much of its popularity to tracks he — literally — laid to pave the way for the state’s rampant growth and prosperity as the 20th Century began. Streets, bridges and colleges all bear the name “Flagler.”

Whitehall, which Flagler built in 1902, was, by design, a showplace of the Gilded Age.

Flagler hall Brad Nixon 114 (640x480)

He intended Whitehall not only to tout his wealth and prominence, but to demonstrate that the barely-developed, remote swampland on which it sat was a city of the future. Whitehall boasted electric lighting, telephones and central heating in 75 rooms, including 22 bathrooms in 60,000 square feet of interior space.

Flagler Museum Brad Nixon 068 Grand Hall (640x449)

Today, it’s open to the public as the Henry Morrison Flagler Museum after having been saved from demolition in the 1960s. 55 of the rooms are restored, furnished and on display. It is clearly not a place in which many of us could imagine living in any particular comfort. It’s meant for show. For example, few of our dwellings possess a Grand Ballroom:

Flagler Museum Brad Nixon 078 Grand Ballroom (640x451)

Flagler was no stranger to construction on a grand scale; he was an ambitious builder of spectacular structures. As he extended his railroad and his development activities south from where he began in St. Augustine, he threw up some of the country’s most iconic hotels: Ponce de Leon in St. Augustine, Royal Poinciana in Palm Beach (demolished in 1901) and the Royal Palm in Miami.

As his efforts focused increasingly on Palm Beach, he constructed The Breakers (originally the Palm Beach Inn, 1896, which burned) on the Atlantic coast.

The Breakers Brad Nixon 126 (640x479)

The Breakers (map below, black circle) is on the beach, just over half a mile due east of Whitehall (red rectangle), on the “sound” side of the barrier island.

Palm Beach Flagler Museum map Google

I’ve stayed at The Breakers. It’s worth a look inside when you’re in Palm Beach, to get a glimpse of travel from another era, still extant.

The Breakers Brad Nixon Lobby (640x476)

When one owns the railroad, one travels by private railroad car. Flagler’s personal car, #91, is on display in a pavilion on the grounds. It’s open to tour, pending any special events in the pavilion.

Flagler Museum Brad Nixon 091 Railcar exterior (640x476)

The excellent thing about unlimited wealth is not just the grand scale on which one can exercise ideas. Details matter. One can find impressive figural door knockers to dress up the entrance to the house. On a larger budget, a custom grillwork gateway over the doorway is de rigeur:

Flagler lion Brad Nixon 116 (640x480)

Impressive details are ubiquitous in palaces of wealthy. Here is a rapid-fire tour from a series of photographs I shot during an abbreviated inspection of the museum in 2010. Click on the images for full view and captions. Don’t miss the bodacious custom-cased Steinway Model B in the music room:

The Flagler Museum is open Tuesday through Sunday, closed Mondays and 3 major holidays. Check the website here for exact times, admission prices and full details. The museum is listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places, as is The Breakers.

In the interest of local context, it bears stating that 20 years after Flagler built Whitehall, the wealthiest woman in the U.S., Marjorie Merriweather Post (General Foods), built a 126-room, 110,000 square foot mansion, Mar-a-Lago, about 2-1/2 miles south of The Breakers. At her death, it was bequeathed to the United States for use by presidents. Expensive and unwanted, it was returned to the Post estate. It was subsequently sold to another wealthy American, who operates it as a combination hotel and private golf club, as well as a personal residence when he’s not at the White House.

Have a favorite grand residence: Versailles, Beijing’s Summer Palace, Schönbrunn Palace? Leave a comment.

*Biltmore House remains the largest privately-owned residence in the U.S., still held by George Vanderbilt’s descendants: 135,280 square feet of living space, 250 rooms, 33 bedrooms, 43 bathrooms. Open for visits.

Previously, I wrote descriptions of 2 famous Florida hotels from the 1950s located about an hour south in Miami Beach:

Hotel Eden Roc

Hotel Fontainebleau

Some of the photographs in this post and select images from other Under Western Skies posts are available on Click on the linked photos, or CLICK HERE to view the Underawesternsky photo portfolio.

© Brad Nixon 2017. Map © Google


  1. Beautiful, but as you say not really meant to be lived in with any comfort.


  2. If you’re in Paris and have time to visit only one chateau near Paris, you probably won’t be able to resist the world renowned Versailles. However, my vote goes to Chantilly, just a half hour north of Paris by train.

    Versailles is HUGE, over-the-top repetitive, and ultimately induces chateau fatigue, unless you venture into the gardens for a little picnic to break up your day long visit.

    I could never get tired at Chantilly. The chateau is human scale, spectacularly beautiful inside and out, and the parc and surrounding forest are lovely. Plus, Chantilly boasts the second greatest collection of French art, second only to that of the Louvre (even better than Versailles).

    If you can visit only one French chateau, go to Chantilly. And yes they do have the famous Chantilly cream available at stands in the parc.


    • Ah, the dreaded Chateau Fatigue. Treatable, but inconvenient.


      • True. Paris has many antidotes.

        You can also go to Vaux le Vicomte, a delightful chateau much closer to Paris, in the Ile de France region just south of Paris. When originally built it far surpassed the early Versailles, which of course greatly angered Louis XIV. That was the end of Fouquet, the chateau’s owner, who was promptly imprisoned when Louis saw it. That then led to the major expansion of Versailles as we now know it.


      • The same sort of thing happens in our neighborhood. Thanks!!


      • Wow! You live in quite a neighborhood. Good that Louis is not around anymore! He could have interfered with your remodeling plans. 😀👍


  3. Reblogged this on The East Coast Life…With Style.

    Liked by 1 person

    • Thank you, James. I look forward to getting acquainted with your blog. I greatly appreciate the consideration. Brad


  4. Oh wow! This looks incredible! (Actually, both of them do – the house and the hotel.) What did the train car look like inside?


    • The interior was “well-appointed” for the day, as you can imagine. Compact and relatively comfortable. I have a couple of pix of it. If you’ll email me at, I’ll send you a couple of looks, although I didn’t have a lot of time to invest in photographing the interior.


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